Health Issues in Childhood Washington DC

Physical and mental health problems in childhood can have lifelong consequences, which means it's important to start health promotion and disease prevention early in life, experts in Washington say. "A scientific consensus is emerging that the origins of adult disease are often found among developmental and biological disruptions occurring during the early years of life," according to Dr. Jack P. Shonkoff, of Harvard University, and colleagues.

Shafkat Anwar, MD
Apt B 61 Rhode Island Ave NW
Washington, DC
Specialties
Pediatrics
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Male
Education
Graduation Year: 2005

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Christi Gail Hay, MD
(202) 884-5500
2220 11th St NW
Washington, DC
Specialties
Pediatrics
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Female
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Medical School: Univ Of Va Sch Of Med, Charlottesville Va 22908
Graduation Year: 1998

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Colice Gene MD
(202) 877-0218
Washington Hospital
Washington, DC
 
Levit Peter MD
(202) 877-7856
Washington Hospital
Washington, DC
 
Schwab Lee MD
(202) 877-7856
Washington Hospital
Washington, DC
 
WBA Imaging-Sherwood Hall Imaging
(301) 203-2275
11711 Livingston Road
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Dr. Shafkat Anwar
(316) 729-7418
Apt B 61 Rhode Island Ave NW
Washington, DC
Specialty
Pediatrics

Wartofsky Leonard MD
(202) 877-3109
Washington Hospital
Washington, DC
 
Children's Health Centers
(202) 884-2327
4900 Massachusetts Avenue Northwest Suite 320
Washington, DC
 
Antonia Novello, MD
200 Independence Ave SW
Washington, DC
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Pediatrics
Gender
Female
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Pr Sch Of Med, San Juan Pr 00936
Graduation Year: 1970

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Health Issues in Childhood

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TUESDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Physical and mental health problems in childhood can have lifelong consequences, which means it's important to start health promotion and disease prevention early in life, experts say.

"A scientific consensus is emerging that the origins of adult disease are often found among developmental and biological disruptions occurring during the early years of life," according to Dr. Jack P. Shonkoff, of Harvard University, and colleagues.

Health promotion and disease prevention efforts should begin in the early years of life, Shonkoff's team recommends in an article in the June 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a themed issue on child and adolescent health.

"Investigators have postulated that early experience can affect adult health in at least two ways -- by accumulating damage over time or by the biological embedding of adversities during sensitive developmental periods. In both cases, there can be a lag of many years, even decades, before early adverse experiences are expressed in the form of illness."

In a cumulative process, chronic diseases occur as the result of repeated physical and mental stress, the study authors noted in a news release from the journal.

"Strong associations have been shown between retrospective adult reports of increasing numbers of traumatic childhood events with greater prevalence of a wide array of health impairments including coronary artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease, cancer, alcoholism, depression and drug abuse, as well as overlapping mental health problems, teen pregnancies, and cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, physical inactivity and smoking," Shonkoff and colleagues wrote.

Biological embedding of risk factors for poor health can occur during sensitive periods when a child's developing brain is more receptive to a variety of input, both positive and negative, the findings show.

"Early experiences of child maltreatment and poverty have been associated with heightened immune responses in adulthood that are known risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, asthma and chronic lung disease," the study authors wrote.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians offers health tips for families.

SOURCE: Journal of the American Medical Association, news release, June 2, 2009

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